A Brief Reflection on Yerkes Dodson Law for Anxiety Management

Finding Balance Through the Yerkes-Dodson Law: A Reflection on Anxiety and Biblical Wisdom

In the pursuit of optimizing our performance in the various arenas of life, understanding the nuanced interplay between stress and productivity is paramount. The Yerkes-Dodson Law, a century-old psychological principle, serves as a beacon in this quest, offering a visual representation of the relationship between arousal and performance. This bell curve illustrates that there is a sweet spot of stress — a moderate level of anxiety — that can enhance our performance. However, when stress is either too low or too high, our performance tends to suffer.

The Bell Curve of Performance

The Yerkes-Dodson Law posits that to achieve peak performance, one must attain an optimal level of arousal. Take a look at the bell curve above, and on the left, where arousal is low, performance is lackluster, akin to the lethargy of under-stimulation. Ascend the curve, and you find the zone of optimal anxiety — where challenges invigorate and sharpen focus. However, continue past the peak, and the curve descends into a realm where excessive stress hampers performance, muddling thought and precipitating burnout. If one keeps going higher, it leads to the place where one enters fight, flight or freeze. 

Reflection and Balance

Looking at the bell curve can be a powerful tool for reflection. It invites us to assess our current levels of stress and anxiety and to question whether we are operating near the curve's peak or are skewed towards its less productive slopes. Are we too complacent, or are we overwrought with anxiety? The Yerkes-Dodson Law encourages us to find balance, to harness stress constructively without letting it overwhelm us. Thats it right, Balance. I Often talk about balance in sessions. Well this tool can also be used in a quick mindfullness session where you ask, what am I doing and where am I at on this scale. Is this anxiety helpful or is it hampering me? 

Biblical Overlap and Wisdom

The Bible offers insights that align with the principles of the Yerkes-Dodson Law. Consider Philippians 4:6-7, which urges believers not to be anxious about anything, but in every situation to present their requests to God. This passage acknowledges the presence of anxiety in life but also points towards a moderation of it — an encouragement to find peace and lower arousal to a more optimal arousal zone of the bell curve. Furthermore,if one has done what they can within reason, its important to not worry and give the worry God (1 Peter 5:7). By surrendering our worries, we can help maintain that optimal balance. We see David do lots of this in the Psalms. This does not mean shirking our duties but rather approaching our tasks with a mindset that balances diligence with trust.

Similarly, Proverbs 11:1 speaks to balance: "A false balance is an abomination to the Lord, but a just weight is his delight." Too much or too little tips the scales away from the just weight that leads to peak performance and well-being.

Application and Reflection

In practical terms, how do we apply the Yerkes-Dodson Law and biblical teachings to our lives? It begins with self-awareness and reflection. By regularly assessing our stress levels and performance, we can adjust our activities and responsibilities accordingly. It may involve setting boundaries, seeking rest, or, conversely, challenging ourselves with new tasks to stimulate growth. This is also where you can take a moment to be mindful and adjust with the awareness. 


The Yerkes-Dodson Law remains a testament to the importance of balance in our lives. Whether through the lens of psychology or the reflection of biblical wisdom, the message is clear: the management and moderation of anxiety are crucial to our performance and well-being. As we seek this balance, we may find ourselves not only more productive but also more at peace, embodying a state of being that is both desired and divinely endorsed.